What are the functions of critique or critic by T.S Eliot?, What are the qualities and functions of critic According to T.S Eliot? and what is Functions of criticism critique by T.S Eliot. Actually, Eliot has written the essay to attain the maximum perfection of art. He has focused to elucidate the works of art by employing different means. T.S Eliot is of the view that the criticism or critique must function in the direction to follow some principles in order to get the concerned result. T.S Eliot essay functions of criticism or critique were an adverse response to the charges made against him. MURRY challenged and rejected his ideas presented in his essay tradition and individual talent. He tries to answer all these allegations made against him by the MURRY. The essay functions of criticism or critique by T.S ELIOT is divided into four basics parts.
o Eliot’s views about critic and classical work
o MURRY’S views
o Eliot’s criticized MURRY
o Interlinking criticism and work of art
Criticism or critique is regarded as an autotelic activity by T.S Eliot
T.S Eliot condemns the common notions and ideas of people about criticism. He says that people generally perceived it as an autotelic activity. He disagrees with them and holds firm beliefs about the creativity of the art. He says that it is a long-term process and a lot of effort and delegation is required to create a piece of art. He criticized such people for having a cheap bent of mind. He says that it takes a brief period of time for the generation of the new idea. Thousand of ideas are required to create a poetic and artistic work. So he holds the view that all these people should be criticized.
T.S Eliot’s views or functions about critic
He sees the criticism as of the great worthwhile creating a poetic work. No work will be produced without the heavy struggle and the labor of the artist and critic. For Functions of critic by T.s Eliot, in this regard, a critic has to perform his duty with honesty and delegation. It will require a brief period of time to create a refined work of art. Perfection is one the best and important functions of critic by T.s Eliot .The critic can bring perfection to his work by pondering over the idea in then arranging it in a special order. He must be impersonal in his dealings and judgments in order to bring hidden truths and realities before us. He strengthens his views about the theory of impersonality in this essay also. T.S Eliot holds the view that perfection in the work of art is achieved only when the poet and the artist remain impersonal. He is against timid adherence to the concept of following the tradition of the critics in the past. He is of the view that they must consider their work of art and try to distinguish it from the other writers. A good critic must be capable of making certain analyses on the basis of his deep observation. He must present the true end of this analysis. He should not perform the role of a lemon-squeezer in this regard. The entire critic differs in the very ideas and notion. They hold the subject according to their own capability of thinking. They produce a different piece of works of art in order to present different ideas.
Murry’s views about Criticism
MURRY believed that Romanticism is much important for him than criticism. The idea holds the basis from the fact that he belongs to England and romanticism was a prevalent feature of that era. He says that there is no basic ground for the existence of the two ideas such as romanticism and criticism. Eliot criticized him for having such a bent of mind. Murry presented his idea about the co-existence of two different concepts. He presented the idea that there is a possibility regarding the co-existence of religious morality and traditional literature. He says that both of these ideas correlate and can produce a single effect. But Eliot does not agree with his ideas about the possibility of the co-existence of two different ideas. He condemns the idea and does not give his consent to support the idea. He says that one should practice morality or spirituality at one time. MURRY believes in the freedom of thinking individually. He says that one must follow and respond to the call of his own heart and instinct. He must follow the inner voice while creating a work of art. But Eliot rejects his views by saying that he has n moral respect for the values of others. He is of the view that by hearing own voice one cannot respect the dignity of others.
T.S ELIOT’S criticism or critique of MURRY
Eliot criticized him for his views regarding the nature of art and criticism. MURRY believed in the existence of the ‘’OUTSIDE AUTHORITY’’. HE says that this authority can derive us in any direction opposing the inner voice of the man. It leads the man towards the concerned direction and towards the righteous path. He is of the view that a certain magnitude of struggle is required to get perfection and obscurity. He tries to define the human wills, desires, and the role of divinity in the attainment of these desires. He tries to link human affairs with divinity. Eliot does not agree with the whole discussion. He holds the idea that perfection can be attained through inner thoughts. One must remain bound to his thoughts and search for perfection.
Criticism is the source of creative work of art BY T.S Eliot
In the final discussion of his essay, he made arguments about creative work and the process of creativity. He considers the MURRY and Arnold weak by the intellect. He thinks that they have not proper imaginative thought to analyze the work of art. They consider that Criticism is superiors to the work of creative art. But he is f the view that creative work can only get perfection if it is synthesized through the process of criticism. Criticism will help to make the literary text free of all obscurities. He links the creative work of art with the creation of critical judgment. He sees them as co-existing in the line of literary trends. Both genres are produced in relation to each other. Criticism and literary art cannot be separated from each other as opposed by Arnold. He considers the critical activity as a source of generating better. Thus, we can say that T.s Eliot has been succeeded in his mission Functions of criticism or critique , critic and critique in his book.